In training, two ways of growing violets from seeds have been utilized: sowing seeds immediately from the open ground or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter process is considered more successful, because when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants from the present calendar year.
To obtain high quality planting substance, sowing seedlings should be performed of the previous ten years of February or in March. To carry out such activities after mid-spring isn’t wise, since the seeds are stored in the open area in the last decade of April or in early May.
All components are required in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
While utilizing the standard process of sowing, shallow furrows, about 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient cone using a pen, the distance between the rows will be about 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are set in the made holes every two centimeters and covered by dirt. Now, it is necessary to water the crops with water and then cover the container with translucent film. After that, the containers are put in a warm room with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees.
The first sprouts of pansies generally look in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A after sprouting of seeds comes from the instances of:
- The usage of old planting substance;
- in the event of filling the seeds with a thick coating of soil;
- when utilizing a nutrient substrate of the incorrect composition, for example, clay soil.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and maintenance, species and varieties
After moyakovka.ru sprouting, the plants should be located on a well-lit windowsill. In the spring period, the direct rays of the sun pansies aren’t afraid, therefore containers with seedlings may be put in the southern part of the apartment. After sprouting, the violet has fairly strong stems, but that does not imply which you need to immediately eliminate the movie in the container.
Viola needs a fantastic watering, however, moistening the soil ought to be completed as the upper coating dries. To execute such measures, it is well worth using melt or rain water. Regular tap water should rather endure for 2-3 days. Plants are scared of overwatering, as a high concentration of water in the soil can cause rotting of the blossom roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers must be if the first two leaves are formed. Pansies aren’t afraid of transplanting, they take root in a fresh nutritious substrate in spite of slight damage to the root system, which occasionally occurs when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a little slower in growth, however, the overall performance isn’t affected.
Using a lack of light or muddy area in the window sill, violet seedlings may stretch out. To find an excellent healthy flower, such civilizations when picking at a new container are deepened to the cotyledons, which will give an opportunity to receive additional roots on the underground area of the stemcells. Pruning
Such an occasion as stem pruning allows you to attain a better tillering of this culture. Such measures are completed following the look of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent place is dependent upon the climatic characteristics of a particular area. Such actions should be carried out with the start of warm warm weather in the previous ten years of April or at the very first days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well-intentioned area.
After digging the soil for every planting hole, add crushed charcoal of moderate fraction of 200 g and the exact same quantity of humus. Viola develops well in soils comprising peat, humus and sod soil in equal proportions with an addition of half the sand.
During transplanting to a permanent place, prepared seedlings are put on the plot every 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes and covered with soil. Then compact the soil round the bushes and water that the plants using warm water. When developing garden violets, it is necessary to divide the bushes in the plantings every three years.
Maybe not every gardener will want to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, since it’s quite a troublesome undertaking. In this aspect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the floor. To get the flowering of the culture the following year, in spring, the seeds should be sown in August.